Churches and Cathedrals
Catholic Church of St. Catherine
The Catholic Church of St. Catherine in St. Petersburg is one of the oldest Catholic churches in Russia. It is part of the Archdiocese of Moscow headed by H.E. Msgr. Paolo Pezzi. The church is located on the Nevsky Prospekt.
Kazan Cathedral or Kazanskiy Kafedralniy Sobor (also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan), is a Russian Orthodox cathedral on Nevsky Prospekt in St. Petersburg. It is dedicated to Our Lady of Kazan, probably the most venerated icon in Russia.
Whilst taking a stroll along Nevsky Prospekt, you cannot fail to notice the impressive Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan. Kazan Cathedral, constructed between 1801 and 1811 by the architect Andrei Voronikhin, was built on an enormous scale and boasts an impressive stone colonnade, encircling a small garden and central fountain. The cathedral was inspired by the Basilica of St. Peter's in Rome and was envisioned as the country's main Orthodox Church. After the war of 1812 (during which Napoleon was defeated) the church became a monument to Russia's military victory. Captured enemy banners were put in the cathedral, and the famous Russian Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov, who won the most important campaign of 1812, was buried inside the church.
Smolny Convent or Smolny Convent of the Resurrection (Voskresensky), located on Ploschad Rastrelli, on the bank of the Neva river in Saint Petersburg, Russia, consists of a cathedral (sobor) and the complex of buildings surrounding it, originally intended as a convent. Today, Smolny Cathedral is used primarily as a concert hall, and the surrounding convent buildings house various offices and government institutions. In addition, the faculties of sociology, political science and international relations of the Saint Petersburg State University are located in some of the buildings surrounding the cathedral. The nearby Smolny Institute is named after the convent.
Peter and Paul Cathedral
The Peter and Paul Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located inside the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia. It is the first and oldest landmark in St. Petersburg, built between 1712 and 1733 on Zayachy Island along the Neva River. Both the cathedral and fortress were originally built under Peter the Great's reign and were designed by Domenico Trezzini. The cathedral's bell tower is the world's tallest Orthodox bell tower. Since the belfry is not a separate structure, but rather an integral part of the main building, the cathedral is sometimes considered the highest Orthodox Church in the world.
The Buddhist Temple in St. Petersburg was constructed by Agvan Dorjiev (1853 -1938), a Buryat lama and one of the XIIIth Dalai Lama's teachers and confidents.